Analysis and comments



In June, in the Idlib de-escalation zone, the ceasefire regime established with the participation of Russia and Turkey from March 6, 2020 was still formally in force.

Russian Aerospace Forces attacked militant targets in the province of Idlib. According to foreign media reports, the aircraft of the Syrian Air Force assaulted terrorist targets in the province of Idlib.

For example, on June 10, a Syrian Air Force attack destroyed a senior member of the Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham terrorist group (HTS, banned in the Russian Federation). This was disclosed by the Al Mayadeen TV channel. According to them, Syrian planes attacked a convoy of HTS vehicles in the Jebel al-Zawiya district in Idlib province. As a result of the air strike, the group's official spokesman, who was also its communications coordinator, was eliminated. In total, 12 people, including 8 militants, were elminated by the strike.

On June 8, Syrian air defense systems fired at air targets over Damascus. Israeli Air Force launched rocket strikes at the targets in the Homs province from Lebanese airspace. As a result of the strikes, 11 Syrians were killed, including 7 soldiers and 4 fighters of pro-government formations.

On the night of June 28, US Air Force attacked pro-Iranian targets in the province of Deir ez-Zor in eastern Syria.

During the month, low-intensity fighting was observed in several provinces of the country.

In Manbij city and surrounding villages in Aleppo province in, on June 2, Kurdish police used firearms against demonstrators who opposed the mandatory service of young people in the ranks of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF). As a result, 6 people died.

On June 4, the commanders of the Kurdish military formations from the SDF canceled the forced mobilization of conscripts in the northern regions of the country after the unrest of Arab residents. This was announced by the head of the Military Council of the city of Manbij Mohammed Abu Adil.

On June 6, four car bombs exploded up in the city of Jerablus in Aleppo province, which borders Turkey. This was announced by the Al Mayadeen TV channel. According to them, the attacks were aimed at the headquarters and barracks of the pro-Turkish military formations supported by Ankara, deployed in the city. As a result of the explosions, there were dead and wounded among the military.

On June 11, militants of the Islamic State (IS, banned in the Russian Federation) attacked the positions of the Syrian government army in the southeast of Aleppo province. As reported by the Al-Arabiya TV channel, two Syrian soldiers were killed and several ones were wounded.

On June 12, at least 18 people were killed, including 13 civilians, and many were injured by shelling carried out by Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) fighters at the Afrin city center and a local hospital. This was reported by the Turkish Ministry of Defense. “Terrorists based in the Tel Rifaat area attacked Afrin city center and Shifa hospital. As a result, 13 civilians were killed and many were injured,” the ministry said on Twitter.

On June 21, pro-Turkish military formations opened artillery fire on the settlements of Tel Rifaat and Ain Dekna in Aleppo province. As the Suria TV channel reported, the shelling was done using multiple rocket launcher systems. Several residential buildings and outbuildings were damaged, but there were no reports about the victims among civilians.

In the Hama province on June 24, at least four members of the National Defense Forces (NDF) were killed by a land mine planted by ISIS terrorists on the side of the road. As reported by SANA, the incident happened near the Rasem-Gazzali village on the highway east of the city of Salmiya; a bus with Syrian militias exploded on a mine.

In the Idlib province on June 5, one Syrian soldier was killed, two more were injured by a sabotage group, and up to 70 militants were eliminated by the return fire of government forces. This was announced by Deputy Head of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides in the Syrian Arab Republic Rear Admiral Vadim Kulit.

On June 21, government artillery fired at HTS positions near the village of Al-Bara in Idlib province. Several militants were eliminated.

On June 1, IS militants detonated a car bomb near a Kurdish checkpoint in Duvar al-Ghazal square in the eastern part of the city of Haseke in Haseke province. A civilian was killed, and three more people were injured.

On June 9, a Russian soldier was killed, and three more were hospitalized as a result of an armored car explosion in Haseke province. This was reported by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “On June 9, during a patrol by the Russian military police in the province of Hassakeh in the Syrian Arab Republic, an armoured car was hit in the explosion of an unidentified device. The Russian soldier died from his injuries. The three other Russian soldiers who followed him in the car were taken to a hospital and provided with medical care,” the report said.

In the province of Deir ez-Zor, on June 23, fighters of the Kurdish SDF conducted an operation to eliminate IS underground cells. As reported by the Firat news agency, the Kurds detained 17 IS members in the city of El-Buseira who were preparing armed sorties to destabilize the situation in the Deir ez-Zor province.

On June 28, the area where the US military is stationed near the Al-Omar oil field in Deir ez-Zor province was targeted by missiles.

In general, the Syria’s prospects in the near future seem to be as follows: in Syria, like in Iraq, the main episodes of hostilities will be associated with the bases of the US troops and pro-Iranian military formations, which received a good example from what happened in Afghanistan.